Canada's Plant Hardiness Site


Pinaceae pine family
Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.
En: balsam fir, Canada balsam, var (NL), balm of Gilead, eastern fir, fir-balsam, blister fir;
Fr: sapin balsamier, baumier du Canada, baumier de Gilead, sapin baumier
  • [=Abies americana Prov. 1862, p.p., non Mill. 1768]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. forma aurayana B.Boivin]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. forma balsamea]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. forma compacta (Beissn.) B.Boivin]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. forma hudsonia (Bosc ex Jacques) Fernald & Weath.]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. forma nana (J.Nelson) Beissn.]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. forma phanerolepis (Fernald) Rehder]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. subsp. phanerolepis (Fernald) A.E.Murray]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. (unranked) argentea Beissn.]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. (unranked) hemisphaerica Sudw.]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. (unranked) hudsonia (Knight) Veitch ex Sudw.]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. (unranked) longifolia (Booth ex Loudon) J.Forbes]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. (unranked) nana Beissn.]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. (unranked) prostrata (Knight) Beissn.]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. (unranked) variegata (Knight ex Gordon) Beissn.]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. argenteovariegata Schelle]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. balsamea]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. brachylepis Willk.]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. coerulea Carrière]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. denudata Carrière]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. globosa Beissn. & Jaeger]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. hudsonia (Bosc ex Jacques) Engelm.1878, nom. illeg. isonym., non (Bosc ex Jacques) Sarg. 1897]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. hudsonia (Bosc ex Jacques) Sarg.]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. longifolia (Booth ex Loudon) Endl.]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. macrocarpa A.H.Kent]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. nana-globosa hort.]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. nana (J.Nelson) Carrière]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. nana (J.Nelson) Hornibr. 1923, nom. illeg. isonym., non (J.Nelson) Carrière 1867]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. nudicaulis Carrière]
  • [=Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. var. phanerolepis Fernald]
  • [=Abies balsamifera Michx.]
  • [=Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir. (unranked) hudsonica (Bosc ex Jacques) Henkel & W.Hochst.]
  • [=Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir. var. hudsonia (Bosc ex Jacques) Carrière]
  • [=Abies fraseri (Pursh) Poir. var. nana Lindl. & Gordon]
  • [=Abies hudsonia Bosc ex Jacques]
  • [=Abies hudsoniana deVos]
  • [=Abies minor Duhamel ex Gordon]
  • [=Abies ×phanerolepis (Fernald) T.S.Liu]
  • [=Peuce balsamea (L.) Rich.]
  • [=Picea aromatica Carrière, nom. inval., pro syn.]
  • [=Picea balsamea (L.) Loudon]
  • [=Picea balsamea (L.) Loudon var. hudsonica (Bosc ex Jacques) J.Nelson]
  • [=Picea balsamea (L.) Loudon var. longifolia (Booth ex Lawson) Loudon]
  • [=Picea balsamea (L.) Loudon var. nana J.Nelson]
  • [=Picea balsamea (L.) Loudon var. prostrata Knight]
  • [=Picea fraseri (Pursh) Loudon var. hudsonia (Bosc ex Jacques) Knight & Perry]
  • [=Picea hudsoni hort. angl. ex Wender.]
  • [=Pinus abies DuRoi var. balsamea (L.) Münchh.]
  • [=Pinus balsamea L. - basionym]
  • [=Pinus balsamea L. forma nana (J.Nelson) Voss]
  • [=Pinus balsamea L. var. longifolia (Booth ex P.Lawson) Endl.]
  • [=Pinus balsamifera Aiton ex Michx., nom. inval., pro syn.]
  • [=Pinus fraseri Pursh (unranked) hudsonia (Bosc ex Jacques) Knight]
  • [=Pinus fraseri Pursh (unranked) hudsoniana Rinz]
  • [=Pinus fraseri Pursh (unranked) hudsonica Knight ex Gordon]
  • [=Pinus fraseri Pursh var. hudsonica P.Lawson, nom. inval., nom. nud.]
  • [=Pinus taxifolia Salisb., nom. illeg. superfl.]

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